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Isaac Newton Quotes (58 quotes)
Born in in Woolsthorpe, England, Sir Isaac Newton began developing his influential theories on light, calculus and celestial mechanics while on break from Cambridge University. The son of a farmer, who died three months before he was born, Newton spent most of his early years with his maternal grandmother after his mother remarried. When the Great Plague shuttered Cambridge in , Newton returned home and began formulating his theories on calculus, light and color, his farm the setting for the supposed falling apple that inspired his work on gravity. Newton returned to Cambridge in and was elected a minor fellow. Asked to give a demonstration of his telescope to the Royal Society of London in , he was elected to the Royal Society the following year and published his notes on optics for his peers. Through his experiments with refraction, Newton determined that white light was a composite of all the colors on the spectrum, and he asserted that light was composed of particles instead of waves. Known for his temperamental defense of his work, Newton engaged in heated correspondence with Hooke before suffering a nervous breakdown and withdrawing from the public eye in
Isaac Newton , in full Sir Isaac Newton , born December 25, [January 4, , New Style], Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire , England—died March 20 [March 31], , London , English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. In optics , his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science of light and laid the foundation for modern physical optics. In mechanics , his three laws of motion , the basic principles of modern physics , resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation. In mathematics , he was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus. Although Isaac Newton is well known for his discoveries in optics white light composition and mathematics calculus , it is his formulation of the three laws of motion —the basic principles of modern physics—for which he is most famous.
He is famous for his work on the laws of motion, optics, gravity, and calculus. In . Sir Isaac Newton was the first to discover the laws of gravitation and the laws of motion. "Isaac Newton, horoscope for birth date 25 December Jul.
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Newton also made seminal contributions to optics , and shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus. In Principia , Newton formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that formed the dominant scientific viewpoint until it was superseded by the theory of relativity. Newton used his mathematical description of gravity to prove Kepler's laws of planetary motion , account for tides , the trajectories of comets , the precession of the equinoxes and other phenomena, eradicating doubt about the Solar System 's heliocentricity. He demonstrated that the motion of objects on Earth and celestial bodies could be accounted for by the same principles. Newton's inference that the Earth is an oblate spheroid was later confirmed by the geodetic measurements of Maupertuis , La Condamine , and others, convincing most European scientists of the superiority of Newtonian mechanics over earlier systems. Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a sophisticated theory of colour based on the observation that a prism separates white light into the colours of the visible spectrum. His work on light was collected in his highly influential book Opticks , published in