How to read mind by eyes
The Minds Eye by Oliver SacksIn Musicophilia, Oliver Sacks explored music and the brain; now, in The Minds Eye, he writes about the myriad ways in which we experience the visual world: how we see in three dimensions; how we recognize individual faces or places; how we use language to communicate verbally; how we translate marks on paper into words and paragraphs; and, even how we represent the world internally when our eyes are closed. Alongside remarkable stories of people who have lost these abilities but adapted with courage, resilience and ingenuity, there is an added, personal element: one day in late 2005, Sacks became aware of a dazzling, flashing light in one part of his visual field; it was not the familiar migraine aura he had experienced since childhood, and just two days later a malignant tumor in one eye was diagnosed. In subsequent journal entries - some of which are included in The Minds Eye - he chronicled the experience of living with cancer, recording both the effects of the tumor itself, and radiation therapy. In turning himself into a case history, Sacks has given us perhaps his most intimate, impressive and insightful (no pun intended) book yet.
Eye Reading (Body Language)
Permalink Print. They've existed for million years and most of us have a pair, but aside from giving us sight, what can we tell from looking at someone's eyes? People say that the eyes are a "window to the soul" - that they can tell us much about a person just by gazing into them. Given that we cannot, for example, control the size of our pupils, body language experts can deduce much of a person's state by factors relating to the eyes. As well as adjusting the amount of light taken in the process of sight Dilation : pupil size increasing; Contracting : pupil size decreasing , Eckhard Hess found that the pupil dilates when we are interested in the person we're talking to or the object we're looking at. As an indicator, check a friend's pupil size when you're talking to them about something interesting, then change the subject to something less interesting and watch their pupils contract!
Look away from this screen and try to remember the sound of your childhood hero's voice. Did you do it? Do it again, and this time pay attention to your eyes. There's a good chance your eyes stayed centered as you decided on who your hero was, moved slightly up and to your left when you visualized them, and then moved slightly down and to your right when you imagined their voice. I know this not because I've hacked your webcam , but because your eye movements are intimately tied to certain areas of your brain. Let's use this fact, along with our previous tips on spotting liars , to access other people's thoughts.
It is often easier to access someone else's heart than their mind. We can nearly effortlessly pick up on our partner's mood or sense that a friend.
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But how do we know what is going on in their heads? How do we get this special access to the most private of domains—the human mind? A growing body of research reveals that looking at their eyes may be a neglected and powerful way to do so. Many singers, songwriters and writers have capitalized on it. But it turns out that the eyes really might be the windows to the soul. So how does this work? The first thing to look for is changes in pupil size.
This is the first study to attempt to correlate performance on the Eye Test with variation in the human genome. This revealed that people can rapidly interpret what another person is thinking or feeling from looking at their eyes alone. It also showed that some of us are better at this than others, and that women on average score better on this test than men. Now, the same team, working with the genetics company 23andMe along with scientists from France, Australia and the Netherlands, report results from a new study of performance on this test in 89, people across the world. The majority of these were 23andMe customers who consented to participate in research. The results confirmed that women on average do indeed score better on this test. Interestingly, performance on the Eyes Test in males was not associated with genes in this particular region of chromosome 3.
Eyes play a prominent role in our daily social encounters and are sometimes metaphorically referred to as windows to our souls. The extent of information that eyes communicate about other minds might be somewhat limited, yet evidence argues against the longheld view of philosophers in the skeptical tradition that the contents of other minds cannot be directly observed. The phenomenon is unique to humans alone. Indeed, after comparison with nearly half of all primate species, the human eye has been shown to be morphologically and responsively unique. Humans not only show the greatest horizontal elongation of the eye outline and the largest amount of exposed tissue called sclera around the eyeball, but are also the only species with sclera that is white. When compared with our closest living primate relatives, chimpanzees, we humans focus more steadily on the eye region when scanning faces. By 14 months of age, the human gaze follows eyes almost exclusively whereas other great apes rely more on head direction.