The origin and evolution of santa claus

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the origin and evolution of santa claus

The Story of Santa Claus by Joseph McCullough

Disclaimer: ARC read courtesy of Osprey via Netgalley. The ARC included some illustrations but not all of them, so no comments on illustrations.

Okay, raise your hand if you still watch all those Rankin and Bass Christmas specials! Now, I’m not just talking about everyone’s favorite red nosed reindeer, but the others – Nestor the Long Eared Donkey, A Year Without Santa Claus, Here Comes Santa Claus – you know all those what are the only way people of a certain are introduced to or either know Mickey Rooney or Fred Astaire.

Yep, me too.

Now, raise your hand if you know who Black Pete or Krampus are? See, fewer hands. Don’t feel so bad, I hadn’t heard of Black Pete until last year, and Krampus I didn’t know about until years after I stopped believing in flying reindeer – which are all female by the way. Not only do they not get lost, but look they have antlers.

This slim volume is designed for children but is packed full of facts and sources that the average person might not know. The conceit is that since Santa Claus is too busy to write it himself, the author has stepped into to fill a void. And it works.

McCullough starts with the historical evidence and religious stories about St. Nicolas. And you would be surprised how much of those Rankin and Bass specials hit the mark. He then moves into the adapting and changing of the story during the rise of Protestantism, its introduction to the United States, and other changes. Twas the Night Before Christmas and Virginia’s famous letter are both reprinted in their entirely. The more religious stories are too long to be quoted in entirely, but McCullough does them justice and does not have a “convert now or die” spiel going. It’s as if you want to know more here it is feeling. It teaches about religion without endorsing religion. This is a distinction that not everything makes.

When it comes to dealing to the darker aspects of the story – Krampus and Black Pete, McCullough tells those aspects of punishers without making the story scary. There is even a slight shift in tone that seems to indicate that while the reader is perfectly fine in believing in Jolly Old Saint Nick, belief in Krampus and Black Pete isn’t required. Admittedly while McCullough does mention that Black Pete is suppose to be Ethiopian in origin, there is not mention of the debate about the figure’s place in the modern Netherlands. In fairness, I’m not sure how, or even if you can, adequately do so in a children’s book. This is in a point in the book that a teacher could use as a jumping off point, at least in the higher levels. A high school teacher, for instance, could use the section Black Pete from this book paired with an article run in a newspaper (such as the New York Times did last year) to jump start a discussion.

There is also a source listing at the back and the brief author and illustrator biographies at the end add a sense of whimsy.


Crossposted at Booklikes.
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Published 09.02.2019

Evolution of Santa Claus - History

The 1,800-year evolution of Santa Claus, from skinny medieval saint to WWII propaganda icon

What is Santa's backstory? Ask a question, get a great answer. Learn from experts and access insider knowledge. Answer by Bill Petro , been writing "History of the Holidays" online articles since December 6 is "Saint Nicholas Day. He became a bishop in Greece and gained distinction in the councils of the church, being especially famed for unexpected gifts, and later associated with the giving of presents during the season at the end of the year. He was imprisoned during the great persecutions under the Roman Emperor Diocletian in A.

The name Santa Claus has his roots in the informal Dutch name for St. Nicholas, Sinterklaas an abbreviation of Sint Nikolaas. Nicholas was a historic 4th-century Greek saint from an area now in modern day Turkey who had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes left out for him. He was also famous for presenting the three impoverished daughters of a pious Christian with dowries so that they would not have to become prostitutes. Nicholas in Novgorod — Source. Being the patron saint of children St. Nicholas has long been associated with giving gifts to children.

Santa Claus , also known as Saint Nicholas , Kris Kringle , Father Christmas , or simply Santa , is a legendary figure originating in Western Christian culture who is said to bring gifts to the homes of well-behaved children on the night of Christmas Eve 24 December and the early morning hours of Christmas Day 25 December. Some maintain Santa Claus also absorbed elements of the Germanic god Wodan , who was associated with the pagan midwinter event of Yule and led the Wild Hunt , a ghostly procession through the sky. Santa Claus is generally depicted as a portly, jolly, white- bearded man—sometimes with spectacles —wearing a red coat with white fur collar and cuffs, white-fur-cuffed red trousers, a red hat with white fur and black leather belt and boots and who carries a bag full of gifts for children. This image became popular in the United States and Canada in the 19th century due to the significant influence of the poem " A Visit from St. Nicholas " and of caricaturist and political cartoonist Thomas Nast.

The Man Behind the Story of Father Christmas/Santa Claus

Nicholas was a Bishop who lived in the fourth century in a place called Myra in Asia Minor now called Turkey. He was a very rich man because his parents died when he was young and left him a lot of money. - The man we know as Santa Claus has a history all his own. Today, he is thought of mainly as the jolly man in red, but his story stretches all the way back to the 3rd century.

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