Ancient mesopotamian gods and goddesses names
Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary by Jeremy BlackAncient Mesopotamia was a rich, varied and highly complex culture whose achievements included the invention of writing and the development of sophisticated urban society. This book offers an introductory guide to the beliefs and customs of the ancient Mesopotamians, as revealed in their art and their writings between about 3000 B.C. and the advent of the Christian era. Gods, goddesses, demons, monsters, magic, myths, religious symbolism, ritual, and the spiritual world are all discussed in alphabetical entries ranging from short accounts to extended essays. Names are given in both their Sumerian and Akkadian forms, and all entries are fully cross-referenced. A useful introduction provides historical and geographical background and describes the sources of our knowledge about the religion, mythology and magic of the cradle of civilisation.
Top 10 Ancient Mesopotamian Goddesses
Mesopotamian gods and goddesses are known from the literature of the Sumerian people , the oldest written language on our planet. Those stories were written down by city administrators whose jobs involved the upkeep of the religion, along with the upkeep of commerce and trade. It is likely that the stories first written about BCE reflect an older oral tradition, in fact, were written versions of ancient songs or oral recitations. How much older is speculation. Mesopotamia was an ancient civilization positioned between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River.
2. Nanshe, the Goddess of Social Justice and Prophecy
Jordan Peterson Tells The Story Of Marduk
The gods of the Mesopotamian region were by no means uniform in name, power, provenance or status in the hierarchy. Mesopotamian culture varied from region to region, from city-state to city -state and, because of this, Marduk should not be regarded as King of the Gods in the same way Zeus ruled in Greece. While Marduk was venerated highly in Babylon , Enlil held that place in Sumer. It should also be noted that the English word 'demon', understood as an evil spirit, derives from the Greek word 'daimon' which meant, simply, 'spirit' and that many of the supernatural entities of the Mesopotamian pantheon designated as 'demons' were not necessarily evil. The following is a list of the gods of the Mesopotamian Pantheon but, as the Mesopotamian people worshipped between and different gods, it is by no means a complete listing. It is not possible to characterize more than a few prominent ones.
Mischievous god of wisdom, magic and incantations who resides in the ocean under the earth. Enki's two-faced minister Isimu stands to his right. BM View large image on the British Museum's website. Lord of the abzu The god Ea whose Sumerian equivalent was Enki is one of the three most powerful gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon, along with Anu and Enlil.