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History of Latin America
Gustavo L. Paz 1. Based on Scales of Global History dossier, this article criticizes the silences of Global History in terms of Latin American history, and reflects upon the question of how to include this history on that approach. Three of the six papers included in the dossier on Global History published in this issue of Almanack are related to Latin America. In his article on the settlement of a Mennonite community in Paraguay in the first decades of the twentieth century, Benjamin Goossen argues that their establishment in the Chaco area derives from the Mennonites' desire to retreat to an isolated region as well as from a discourse related to building a "state within a state" brought from their original settlements in North America and Eastern Europe. Two other articles deal with Latin American issues somewhat more loosely. Pepjin Brandon argues successfully that the anti-slavery push in the Netherlands was curtailed by a conservative lobby in Parliament which managed to stop any initiative towards abolition of slavery at the turn of the eighteenth century.
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breastfeeding and going back to work
On the 12th of October , Columbus, with his three caravels, set foot on American soil and this upset the Portuguese who forced through the Treaty of Tordesillas which divided the new territories between both powers. The Spanish language absorbed hundreds of Aztec words such as coyote, tomato or chocolate. Francisco Pizarro, the other great conqueror, started the conquest of the huge Inca Empire whose centre would be Peru nowadays in , taking advantage of a civil war between its leaders, the brothers Huascar and Atahualpa.
History of Latin America , history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico , Central America , and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century. Even since independence, many of the various nations have experienced similar trends, and they have some awareness of a common heritage. However, there are also enormous differences between them. Not only do the people live in a large number of independent units, but the geography and climate of their countries vary immensely. Since the Spanish and Portuguese element looms so large in the history of the region, it is sometimes proposed that Iberoamerica would be a better term than Latin America.