Discours sur les sciences et les arts
Discours Sur Les Sciences Et Les Arts: Avec : Discours Sur LOrigine Et LInegalite by Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology and because of his influence on later thinkers. Rousseaus own view of philosophy and philosophers was firmly negative, seeing philosophers as the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as playing a role in the alienation of the modern individual from humanitys natural impulse to compassion. The concern that dominates Rousseaus work is to find a way of preserving human freedom in a world where human beings are increasingly dependent on one another for the satisfaction of their needs. This concern has two dimensions: material and psychological, of which the latter has greater importance. In the modern world, human beings come to derive their very sense of self from the opinion of others, a fact which Rousseau sees as corrosive of freedom and destructive of individual authenticity. In his mature work, he principally explores two routes to achieving and protecting freedom: the first is a political one aimed at constructing political institutions that allow for the co-existence of free and equal citizens in a community where they themselves are sovereign; the second is a project for child development and education that fosters autonomy and avoids the development of the most destructive forms of self-interest. However, though Rousseau believes the co-existence of human beings in relations of equality and freedom is possible, he is consistently and overwhelmingly pessimistic that humanity will escape from a dystopia of alienation, oppression, and unfreedom. In addition to his contributions to philosophy, Rousseau was active as a composer and a music theorist, as the pioneer of modern autobiography, as a novelist, and as a botanist. Rousseaus appreciation of the wonders of nature and his stress on the importance of feeling and emotion made him an important influence on and anticipator of the romantic movement. To a very large extent, the interests and concerns that mark his philosophical work also inform these other activities, and Rousseaus contributions in ostensibly non-philosophical fields often serve to illuminate his philosophical commitments and arguments.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Discours Sur Les Sciences ET Les Arts (Folio Essais)
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Prometheus bound- Aeschylus. Rousseau was a genevan philosopher, writer and composer of the 18th century. He influenced the French Revolution with his philosophy and the overall development of modern political, sociological thought. His autobiographical writings such as "reveries of a Solitary Walker" exemplified the late 18th century movement known as the Age of Sensibility and focused on introspection. He is remembered as a national hero. In this discours, Rousseau argued that arts and sciences corrupt human morality. He dedicated the rest of his intellectual life wondering about the destructive influence of civilization on human beings.
A Discourse on the Moral Effects of the Arts and Sciences , also known as Discourse on the Sciences and Arts French: Discours sur les sciences et les arts and commonly referred to as The First Discourse , is an essay by Genevan philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau which argued that the arts and sciences corrupt human morality. It was Rousseau's first successful published philosophical work, and it was the first expression of his influential views about nature vs. This work is considered one of his most important works. Rousseau wrote Discourse in response to an advertisement that appeared in a issue of Mercure de France , in which the Academy of Dijon set a prize for an essay responding to the question: "Has the restoration of the sciences and arts contributed to the purification of morals? Rousseau went on to win first prize in the contest and—in an otherwise mundane career as composer and playwright, among other things—he had newfound fame as a philosopher. Scholar Jeff J. Black points out that Rousseau is one of the first thinkers within the modern democratic tradition to question the political commitment to scientific progress found in most modern societies especially liberal democracies and examined the costs of such policies.