Juan de fuca explorer biography
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Hiking the Beautiful Juan de Fuca Trail
Robert Gray (sea captain)
Spain only started to colonize the claimed territory north of present-day Mexico in the 18th century, when it settled the northern coast of Las Californias California. Starting in the midth century, Spain's claim began to be challenged in the form of British and Russian fur trading and colonization. King Charles III of Spain and his successors sent a number of expeditions from New Spain to present-day Canada and Alaska between and , to counter the threat of Russian and British colonizers and to strengthen the Spanish claim. During this period of history it was important for a nation's claims to be backed up by exploration and the "first European discovery" of particular places. Although intending to reach Alaska, the expedition turned back at Haida Gwaii. In a second voyage of ninety men led by Lieutenant Bruno de Heceta aboard the Santiago , set sail from San Blas, Nayarit on March 16, with orders to make clear Spanish claims for the entire Northwestern Pacific Coast. Heceta then gave Bodega y Quadra command of the Sonora.
Little to nothing is known about his life before he entered the service of Spain, some time around The name of the man known to history as Juan de Fuca is the source of some confusion. He was a well-traveled seaman, perfecting his skill as a pilot in the Spanish fleet. The King of Spain, he also claimed, recognized him for his excellence and made him pilot of the Spanish navy in the West Indies a title he held for forty years , but there is no record in Spanish Archives of his name or position or of his visit to the royal court. This expedition failed when, allegedly due to the captain's malfeasance, the soldiers mutinied and returned home to California. In , on his second voyage, de Fuca enjoyed success. Despite Velasco's repeated promises, however, de Fuca never received the great rewards he claimed as his due.
He mapped various coastlines in Europe and the Americas with unprecedented accuracy using new technology such as chronometers. He commanded an expedition that explored and mapped the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Strait of Georgia , and made the first European circumnavigation of Vancouver Island. He reached the rank of brigadier and died during the Battle of Trafalgar. The published journal of his voyage uses just the name Galiano, and this has become the name by which he is most known. He entered the Spanish navy in , at the age of 11, and enrolled in the Spanish naval school in After graduation in he entered active service.
Source: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
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Robert Gray May 10, — c. July, was an American merchant sea captain who is known for his achievements in connection with two trading voyages to the northern Pacific coast of North America, between and , which pioneered the American maritime fur trade in that region. - Juan Perez Juan Josef Perez Hernandez , sailing on the frigate Santiago with a crew made up mostly of Mexicans, was the first non-native to sight, examine, name, and record the islands near British Columbia, including what are now Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Island. Perez sailed from Mexico on behalf of Spain, reaching the Pacific Northwest during the summer of
Post a Comment. Juan de Fuca Ioannis Phokas. Early career. He was a well-traveled seaman, perfecting his skill as a pilot in the Spanish fleet. The King of Spain, he also claimed, recognized him for his excellence and made him pilot of the Spanish navy in the West Indies a title he held for forty years , but there is no record in Spanish Archives of his name or position or of his visit to the royal court. Before he made his famous trip up the northwest coast of the North American continent, he sailed to China , the Philippines and Mexico.
The story of Juan de Fuca is part fact, part legend. The 16th century explorer employed by the Spanish gave his name to the east-west strait between Washington State and Vancouver Island, but he called it by a different name. For almost years, many disbelieved his story or thought the man never existed. And he could not have guessed the other places on the west coast that bear his name today. Little is known of his early life, but he entered the service of the King of Spain in , eventually earning his stripes as a pilot in the Spanish Navy. In , he found himself in New Spain now Mexico , and he was ordered to take two ships, a caravel and a pinnace, and search for the Strait of Anian, which geographers believed connected the Northwest Passage to the South Seas. When de Fuca returned, he announced the discover of a strait between 47 and 48 degrees north and that he had sailed past a pillar of rock, now called Fuca Pillar on Cape Flattery, into the strait.