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Nineteenth-century British prime ministers: A reading list (43 books)Saving
The EU's publicity stunts on British prime ministers over Brexit
William Pitt — prime minister. Lord Orford Robert Walpole — prime minister. Earl of Oxford and Asquith Herbert Asquith — prime minister. British Tory statesman, Prime Minister — He sought to prevent the War of American Independence, but was regarded as responsible for the loss of the American colonies. This, together with allegations that his ministry was dominated by the influence of George III, led to his resignation in
North, Frederick, Lord, 2nd earl of Guilford
Born in , he was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, and then sent to make a grand tour of the continent. On his return, though only 22, he was at once elected a Member of Parliament for Banbury, where his father was high steward.
Elected member of Parliament for Banbury at the age of 22, he represented the town of which his father was high steward for nearly 40 years. The Duke of Newcastle, when prime minister, made him a lord of the treasury in , and North held this office under the succeeding prime ministers, the Earl of Bute and George Grenville , until On the death of Charles Townshend in September North became chancellor of the exchequer. North succeeded Grafton as prime minister in February and continued in office for 12 of the most eventful years in English history. The path of the minister in Parliament was a hard one; he was popular and an able debater, but at times he had to defend measures which he had not designed and of which he had not approved, and this too in the House of Commons in which the oratorical ability of Edmund Burke and Charles James Fox was ranged against him.