Otto liman von sanders five years in turkey
Five Years In Turkey by Liman von SandersOtto Liman von Sanders (1855 - 1929) will always be associated with the Dardanelles campaign in which he commanded the Turkish Fifth Army, the army that defended Gallipoli, defeated the allied invasion and, after a campaign lasting some eight months (April-December 1915) forced the Allies to give up and withdraw. He was a cavalry officer who was commanding the German 22nd Division in Cassel when, in June 1913, he was offered the post of Chief of a German Military Mission in Turkey: he accepted and took up his post in December of that year and took over command of the Turkish First Army Corps, in Constantinople. Three months later, March 1914, he was given command of the Turkish Fifth Army defending Gallipoli and as such his version of events is of considerable interest to the history of that campaign. He later (1918) commanded the combined Turkish/German Yilderim force in Palestine where he was defeated by the greatly superior forces of Allenby. This account is based on notes written up in Malta where he was detained for some six months in 1919 before being permitted to return to Germany.
Liman von Sanders was the head of the German military mission in the Ottoman Empire from December As the commander of the 5 th Army he was in charge of the defence of Gallipoli. After graduating from high school in , Otto Liman von Sanders , the son of a merchant and owner of a manor, joined an infantry regiment in Hessen and started his military career. He would spend almost ten years in the German General Staff. Liman rose to international prominence in December , when, upon the request of the Ottoman Empire , William II appointed him head of the German military mission in Constantinople in order to reorganize the Ottoman army after the Balkan Wars. William II finally gave in and Liman von Sanders was appointed general inspector of the Ottoman army without being in charge of any army command.
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In he commanded an Ottoman army during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. Although divergent details of Carl Liman's paternal ancestry are recorded, it is generally agreed that his father and Otto's grandfather was born to a Jewish family by the name of Liepmann and was later baptised a Christian. From to he attended the Military Academy Kriegsakademie in Berlin, and was subsequently transferred to Garde-Dragoner-Regiment 1. In he was promoted to Oberleutnant and in seconded to the General Staff. Promoted to Hauptmann in , he was appointed a squadron commander Eskadronschef in